1. The Yō-on Hiragana characters
Today we'll look at the remaining Hiragana characters called Yō-on (Yoh-on) and there are 33 of them to learn. I know you’re thinking ‘what there's ANOTHER 33 characters to learn?!?’ but let me reassure you it's not hard as it sounds. Like the Dakuten you learnt from the previous lesson, these Yō-on characters are created from the existing core and Dakuten characters.
The Yō-on characters are created by adding a small や、ゆ、よ - Ya, Yu, or Yo to all the characters that ends with い - i which are the following characters:
き、し、ち、に、ひ、め、り、ぎ、じ、び、ぴ - Ki, Shi, Chi, Ni, Hi, Mi, Ri, Gi, Ji, Bi and Pi.
When you add the small や、ゆ、よ - Ya, Yu, or Yo to the end of the characters ending with い - i, the い - i will disappear like magic.
き + ゃ ( Ki + ya ) becomes きゃ - Kya
き + ゅ ( Ki + yu ) becomes きゅ - Kyu
き + ょ ( Ki + yo ) becomes きょ - Kyo
し - Shi and ち - Chi are the exception to this, as the ‘i’ and ‘y’ will disappear from combining the characters.
ち + ゃ (Chi + ya) becomes ちゃ - Cha
ち + ゅ (Chi + yu) becomes ちゅ - Chu
ち + ょ (Chi + yo) becomes ちょ - Cho
し - Shi combined with や - ya, ゆ - yu or よ - yo will become しゃ、しゅ、しょ - Sha, Shu, and Sho respectively.
Below is the full Yō-on characters
2. Additional resources
The following resources is what I used in conjunction with these mnemonics, so be sure to check them out:.
- 7 simple steps guide to write in Japanese Hiragana - it provides a list of simple techniques that I use to help memorize the Hiragana characters.
- Hiragana chart - a PDF version of the Hiragana chart, good for quick references.
3. Farewell Hiragana
That is it for the Introduction to Hiragana series, congratulations if you made this far!
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